DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/issn.2455-4529.IntJResDermatol20201580

Study of clinico-epidemiological profile of leprosy patients at tertiary care centre of South Gujarat region

Kautuk K. Patel, Anjum M. Momin, Ankita A. Mistry, Jignesh B. Vaishnani

Abstract


Background: Leprosy is a chronic feared illness causes by Mycobacterium leprae. It was eliminated as a public health problem in India in 2005. But still, India contributes more than 60% of all new cases of leprosy.

Methods: A retrospective analysis of 307 patients attending the leprosy clinic of the dermatology out patient department, SMIMER, was done for a period of five years from January 2014 to December 2018. The data was analysed for clinical and epidemiological characteristics of the patients.

Results: A total of 307 patients visited the leprosy clinic during the study period. More than half patients (60.3%) were between 21-40 years age group. There were 213 males and 94 females with male female ratio of 2.3:1. 72.3% (222) patients were suffering from multibacillary leprosy and 27.7% (85) had paucibacillary disease. Borderline tuberculoid leprosy was the most common type found in 83 patients (27.1%). 16 cases (5.2%) of childhood leprosy (less than 14 years of age) were noted. A total of 214 patients (69.7%) were migrants.

Conclusions: Despite of decline at global and national level, leprosy cases show gradual increase. The high proportion of total cases, MB cases, and grade 2 disability cases are warning signs. Continued efforts are required to manage and prevent the disease.

 


Keywords


Leprosy, Epidemiology, SMIMER

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