DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/issn.2455-4529.IntJResDermatol20200602

Clinical pattern of papulosquamous dermatoses: an observational study conducted at tertiary care center, Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh, India

Krishnendra Varma, Ujjwal Kumar, Varun Kumar

Abstract


Background: Papulosquamous dermatoses is a complex group of disorder characterized by scaly papules and plaques. There is a need to study the exact, pattern and prevalence of this disorder in different age groups and their line of treatment. Objective of the study was to observe the clinical pattern of various papulosquamous dermatoses and their prevalence at tertiary care center, Ujjain.

Methods: This was an observational study done in R.D. Gardi Medical college, Ujjain over a period of one year. A total of 229 cases including male and female of papulosquamous dermatoses were enrolled from the outpatient department. All patients were studied clinically and relevant data was recorded. Microsoft excel was used for data entry and analysis was done using SPSS version 23.

Results: There were 139 (60.7%) males and 90(39.3%) females with overall male to female ratio was 1.54:1. Most common age group affected with papulosquamous dermatoses was 31-50 years. The clinical pattern observed was psoriasis 49.3%, lichen planus 24.5% followed by pityriasis rosea 10.5%. The least common papulosquamous diseases were pityriasis rubra pilaris (1.3%) and lichen nitidus (1.3%). Most common variant of psoriasis and lichen planus was chronic plaque and classical respectively. Classical juvenile variant of pityriasis rubra pilaris was seen in our study. A single rare case of lymphomatoid papulosis was noted in our study.

Conclusions: Psoriasis, lichen planus and pityriasis rosea were commonest papulosquamous diseases were observed but still we need more longer duration of observational studies on papulosquamous dermatoses to understand the morphological features for the effective management of these diseases.


Keywords


Clinical pattern, Papulosquamous dermatoses, Ujjain

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