DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/issn.2455-4529.IntJResDermatol20200596

Study of common clinical types of cutaneous tuberculosis: two years study experience in a tertiary care centre

Raghu M. T., Ashwini S., Yogendra M., Virupakshappa H. E., Gangaraju Harish, Nikitha Babu

Abstract


Background: Cutaneous tuberculosis (TB) is frequently found worldwide, especially in tropical countries. The number of extrapulmonary TB reaches up to 14%, and 1% to 2% are cutaneous TB. Diagnosis of cutaneous tuberculosis (CTB) is complicated and requires a full work-up. Clinical manifestation of cutaneous TB is varied and causes difficulties to diagnose. Scrofuloderma and plaque type of lupus vulgaris (LV) are common forms of cutaneous TB.

Methods: A retrospective study was conducted on patients attending Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprosy, at Basaveshwara Medical College and Hospital, Chitradurga over a period of 2 years. A total of 15 cases of cutaneous tuberculosis were diagnosed.

Results: A total of 15 cases out of which included predominantly males, with age group being affected commonly are 20-40 decades, histopathology showing tuberculoid granuloma in 11 cases, and common clinical variant being lupus vulgaris seen in 66.6% of the cases and. Second common being scrufuloderma seen in 26.6% of the cases and least common is TB verrucosa cutis (TBVC) seen in 6.6% of the cases.

Conclusions: The study showed that the common clinical type of cutaneous tuberculosis during the study period was lupus vulgaris, scrofuloderma and less common being TBVC.


Keywords


Cutaneous TB, Lupus vulgaris, Scrofuloderma, Tuberculosis verrucosa cutis

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