A study on incidence of oral lesions in lichen planus

Divya G., Jayakar Thomas


Background: This study was done to evaluate the incidence of oral lesions in different types of lichen planus.

Methods: A total of 30 patients clinically diagnosed with any form of lichen planus were subjected to a clinical examination and evaluated for the presence of oral lesions.

Results: Of the 30 patients in this study with predominantly females, oral involvement was seen in 17 patients with a slight male preponderance. Lichen planus was seen commonly between the ages of 20 and 40 with the incidence of oral lesions following the same trend.

Conclusions: This study has statistically proven the significance of oral involvement in cutaneous lichen planus and was done to highlight the importance of the same. Oral lichen planus can be a forerunner of genital involvement as well as malignancies and it is important to keep this in mind while examining a case of lichen planus.



Lichen planus, Oral lesions, Classical lichen planus

Full Text:



Cheng H, Oakley A, Rowan D, Lamont D. Diagnostic criteria in 72 women with erosive vulvovaginal lichen planus. Australas J Dermatol. 2016;57(4):284-7.

Belfiore P, Di Fede O, Cabibi D, Campisi G, Amaru GS, De Cantis S, et al. Prevalence of vulval lichen planus in a cohort of women with oral lichen planus: an interdisciplinary study. Br J Dermatol. 2006;155(5):994-8.

Garcia-Pola MJ, Llorente-Pendas S, Gonzalez-Garcia M, Garcia-Martin JM. The development of proliferative verrucous leukoplakia in oral lichen planus. A preliminary study. Med Oral Patolog Oral Y Cir Bucal. 2016;21(3):e328-34.

Bhattacharya M, Kaur I, Kumar B. Lichen planus: a clinical and epidemiological study. J Dermatol. 2000;27(9):576-82.

Lavanya N, Jayanthi P, Rao UK, Ranganathan K. Oral lichen planus: An update on pathogenesis and treatment. J Oral Maxillofacial Pathol. 2011;15(2):127.

Spanemberg JC, Carrion AB, Campillo MERR, Devesa AE, Salas EJ, Lopez JL. Cutaneous, genital and oral lichen planus: A descriptive study of 274 patients. Med Oral Patolog Oral Y Cir Bucal. 2019;24(1):e1.