DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/issn.2455-4529.IntJResDermatol20192068

Current scenario in clinical trends of psoriasis in tertiary care hospital

Ravichandran Velappan, Sridhar Venu, Sindhuja Ramasamy, Lakshmanan Chellappan

Abstract


Background: Psoriasis is a common papulosquamous chronic, recurrent inflammatory skin disease with genetic predisposition and environmental factors acting as triggers. The current prevalence of common dermatoses will be useful for giving appropriate treatment for the patients. The aim of the study is to determine the different clinical pattern and prevalence of psoriasis in our institution.

Methods: This study is a hospital-based descriptive study. We included 400 self-reporting patients of age group 6-87 years with psoriasis who attended our skin OPD. Period of study was 3 months from January 2019 to March 2019 in our medical college situated in Chengalpattu, Tamil Nadu.

Results: Chronic plaque psoriasis is the most common (63.2%) clinical pattern observed irrespective of age and sex. Scalp and Nail involvement were common. Co-morbidities associated include diabetes mellitus, hypertension, alcoholism, hypothyroidism, and depression.

Conclusions: Our data correlates with previous hospital-based prevalence studies of psoriasis.


Keywords


Subungual hyperkeratosis, Koebner phenomenon, Comorbidities

Full Text:

PDF

References


Griffyhs CE, Christofers E, Barker JN. A Classification of psoriasis vulgaris according to phenotype. Br J Dermatol. 2007;156:258-62.

Kaur I, Kumar B, Sharma VK, Epidemiology of psoriasis in a clinic from North India. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol. 1986;52(4):208-12.

Bedi TR. Psoriasis in North India.Geographical variations. Dermatologica. 1977;155(5):310-4.

Swanbeck G, Inerot A, Martinsson T. A population genetic study of psoriasis. Br J Dermatol. 1994;131(1):32-9.

Pietrzak A, Chodorowska G, Szepietowski J, Zalewska-Janowska A, Krasowska D, Hercogov√° J. Psoriasis and serum lipid abnormalities. Dermatol Ther. 2010;23:160-73.

Lewin K, DeWit S, Ferrington RA. Pathology of the fingernail in psoriasis. A clinicopathological study. Br J Dermatol. 1972;86(6):555-63.

Baker H. Epidermiological aspects of psoriasis and arthritis. Br J Dermatol. 1966;78(5):249-61.

Raychaudhuri SP, Rein G, Farber EM. Neuropathogenesis and neuropharmacology of psoriasis. In Int J Dermatol. 1995;34(10):685-93.

Basko-Plluska JL, Petronic-Rosic V. Psoriasis: epidemiology, natural history, and differential diagnosis. Psoriasis: Targets and Therapy. 2012;2:67-7.

Kuner N, Hartschuh W, Khan-Durani B. Heinrich Kobner and the "isomorphic phenomenon". History and review of the literature. Hautarzt. 2003;54:274-8.

Holubar K. Papillary tip bleeding or the Auspitz phenomenon: A hero wrongly credited and a misnomer resolved. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2003;48:263-4.

Bernhard JD. Auspitz sign is not sensitive or specific for psoriasis. J Am Acad Dermatol. 1990;22:1079-81.