DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/issn.2455-4529.IntJResDermatol20214911

An approach to treatment modalities of keloids: a comparative study

Sweta S. Parmar, Avani Modi

Abstract


Background: In spite of the presence of such an array of treatment modalities, none of these can be claimed to be an ideal treatment option as most of them have limited efficacy, significant side effects or increased chances of recurrence. Hence the study was undertaken to search an ideal treatment for keloids which is safe, effective, and with low rate of recurrence.

Methods: Total of 200 patients were recruited out of which only 160 patients were included in study. The patients were divided into three groups and administered with different modes of treatment. Patients in all the groups were followed up at 3 weekly intervals for evaluation of response. At the end of the study, the data was compiled and analysed using appropriate statistical tests.

Results: In only 32 patients completed study in group 1, 2 and 3 respectively. Group 1, 2 and 3 were more or less equally efficacious with clearance rate. Complete clearance was seen in 24 patients in group 1 patients, in group 2 there were 22 patients with complete clearance and in group 3 there were 24 patients.

Conclusions: Intralesional triamcinolone acetonide, intralesional triamcinolone acetonide with hyaluronidase and intralesional radiofrequency with intralesional triamcinolone acetonide are almost equally effective modalities for the treatment of keloids. But, intralesional triamcinolone acetonide with hyaluronidase fares better than other two as far as safety is concerned with least side effects.

 


Keywords


Keloid, Intralesional injection, Treatment, Triamcinolone acetonide

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