DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/issn.2455-4529.IntJResDermatol20214926

Expert opinion on current and emerging treatment options in androgenetic alopecia and telogen effluvium: an Indian perspective

Bharat Lalwala, Siddhartha Das, Srinivasa Murthy, Abir Saraswat, U. R. Dhanalakshmi, Mukesh Girdhar, Sachin Dhawan, Kamal Jhamnani, Deepa Kanchankoti, Sushil Pande

Abstract


The diagnosis and management of hair loss needs an organized and systematic approach for recognizing pattern of hair loss and identification of hair loss etiology. Early and specific diagnosis is essential to initiate appropriate treatment in the early phases of hair loss. Topical minoxidil and oral finasteride are the only approved drugs for androgenetic alopecia (AGA). Various other treatment options are widely used but have limited clinical evidence. Similarly, there are no specific treatments recommended for telogen effluvium (TE). However, the treatment may become challenging with increasing availability of new formulations and drugs with no substantial evidence to support them. Multiple focused group discussions were conducted among Indian dermatologists to gain expert opinion on appropriate management of AGA and TE in the current scenario. This article summarizes the consensus clinical viewpoints for topical and oral medications, role of nutritional supplements, and other adjunctive therapies in managing AGA and TE. The panel highlighted that the choice of treatment for AGA and TE depends on the individual hair loss pattern and response to medications. A brief discussion on the use of shampoos and procedures has also been highlighted.  


Keywords


Androgenetic alopecia, Telogen effluvium, Management, Treatment, Nutritional therapy

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