DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/issn.2455-4529.IntJResDermatol20211721

Hair colouring: what a dermatologist should know?

Neethu Mary George, Amruthavalli Potlapati

Abstract


Hair is an important part of body and a major factor in self-image. A wide variety of hair cosmetic preparations are available and are used regularly by most of the world’s population. Hair colouring is one of the commonly done procedure. However, any chemical treatment, normal grooming habits and environmental exposure can produce changes in hair texture or hair breakage. It is necessary for a dermatologist to know the basis of hair colouring, the procedure and the possible side effects it can cause. Also post colour care is also to be known about to prevent further damage to treated hair. This article explains the basic chemistry and mechanism involved in hair dyeing and the basic facts a dermatologist should know.


Keywords


Hair colouring, Paraphenylenediamine, Bleaching, Hair dye, Allergic contact dermatitis

Full Text:

PDF

References


Draelos ZK. Hair cosmetics. Dermatol Clin. 1991;9(1):19-27.

Crewther WG, Fraser RD, Lennox FG, Lindley H. The chemistry of keratins. Adv Protein Chem. 1965;20:191-346.

Wagner RCC, Kiyohara PK, Silveira M, Joekes I. Electron microscopic observations of human hair medulla. J Microsc. 2007;226:54-63.

Sadaie M, Nishikawa N, Ohnishi S, Tamada K, Yase K, Hara M. Studies of human hair by friction force microscopy with the hair-model-probe. Colloid Surf. B 2006;51:120-9.

Smith JR, Swift JA. Lamellar subcomponents of the cuticular cell membrane complex of mammalian keratin fibres show friction and hardness contrast by AFM. J Microsc. 2002;206:182-93.

Morel OJX, Christie RM. Current trends in the chemistry of permanent hair dyeing. Chem Rev. 2011;111:2537-61.

Clanet P, Deantonio SM, Katz SA, Scheiner DM. Usefulness of Measurements of Trace Elements in Hair. Clin Chem. 1982;28:2450-1.

Halal J. Hair Structure and Chemistry Simplified, 5th ed.; Milady Publishing Company: New York, NY, USA, 2009;304.

Morel O, Christie RM, Greaves A, Morgan KM. Enhanced model for the diffusivity of a dye molecule into human hair fibre based on molecular modelling techniques. Color Technol. 2008;124:301-9.

Briki F, Busson B, Kreplak L, Dumas P, Doucet J. Exploring a biological tissue from atomic to macroscopic scale using synchrotron radiation: Example of hair. Cell Mol Biol 2000;46:1005-16.

Gerhard N. Toxicology of Hair Dyes. 2005;10:1201/b:14191-11.

Stefoni F, Dario S, Esteves M, Baby V, Velasco A. Types of Hair Dye and Their Mechanisms of Action. Cosmetics. 2015; 2:110-26.

Robbins C. The Physical Properties and Cosmetic Behavior of Hair. J Soc Cosmet Chem. 1971;22:339-48.

Zavik C, Milliquent J. The Science of Hair Care, eds. C. Bouillon and J. Wilkison, Taylor and Francis Group, LLC London, 2nd edn. 2005;246-68.

Kizawa K, Inoue T, Yamaguchi M. Dissimilar effect of perming and bleaching treatments on cuticles: advanced hair damage model based on elution and oxidation of S100A3 protein. Int J Cosmet Sci. 2005;27:355-6.

Jeong MS, Lee CM, Jeong WJ, Kim SJ, Lee KY. Clinical evaluation of 168 korean patients with rosacea: the sun exposure correlates with the erythematotelangiectatic subtype. J Dermatol. 2010;37:882-7.

Hessefort YZ, Holland BT, Cloud RW. True porosity measurement of hair: A new way to study hair damaDe mechanisms. J Cosmet Sci. 2008;59:303.

Tucker HH. Hair coloring with oxidation dye intermediate. J Soc Cosmet Chem. 1967;18:609-28.

Madnani N, Khan K. Hair cosmetics. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol. 2013;79:654-67.

Sampathkumar K, Yesudas S. Hair dye poisoning and the developing world. J Emerg Trauma Shock. 2009;2(2):129-31.

Draelos ZK. Cosmetics: an overview. Curr Prob Dermatol. 1995;45-64.

Wilkinson SM, Beck MH. Contact Dermatitis-allergic: p-phenylenediamine and related dyes. In: Tony B, Stephen B, Neil C, Christopher G, editors. Rook's Textbook of Dermatology. 8th ed. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing: Oxford; 2010;26.60-26.62.

Ho SGY, Basketter DA, Jefferies D, Ryrcroft RJG, White IR, McFadden JP. Analysis of para-phenylenediamine allergic patients in relation to strength of patch test reaction. Br J Dermatol. 2005;153:364-7.

Handa S, Mahajan R, De D. Contact dermatitis to hair dye: An update. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol. 2012;78:583-90.

Ghosh S, Mukhopadhyay S. Chemical leucoderma: A clinico-aetiological study of 864 cases in the perspective of a developing country. Br J Dermatol. 2009;160:40-7.

Ukunaga T, Kawagoe R, Hozumi H, Kanzaki T. Contact anaphylaxis due to para-phenylenediamine. Contact Dermatitis. 1996;35:185-6.

Abdelraheem M, Hamdouk M, Zijlstra EE. Paraphenylene diamine (Hair Dye) poisoning in children. Arab J Nephrol Transplant. 2010;3:39-43.

Andrew AS, Schned AR, Heaney JA, Karagas MR. Bladder cancer risk and personal hair dye use. Int. J. Cancer. 2004;109:581-6.

Manolis K, Fernandez, García-Closas F, Tardon M, Garcia-Closas A, Serra R, Carrato C et al. Hair dye use is not associated with risk for bladder cancer: Evidence from a case-control study in Spain. European journal of cancer (Oxford, England: 1990). 2006;42:1448-54.

Towle KM, Grespin ME, Monnot AD. Personal use of hair dyes and risk of leukemia: a systematic literature review and meta-analysis. Cancer Med. 2017;6(10):2471-86.

Gago-Dominguez M, Castelao JE, Yuan JM, Yu MC, Ross RK. Use of permanent hair dyes and bladder-cancer risk. Int J Cancer. 2001;91(4):575-9.

Taylor JS, Maibach HJ, Fisher AA, Bergfeld WF. Contact leukoderma associated with the use of hair colors. Cutis. 1993;52:273-80.

Bajaj AK, Gupta SC, Chatterjee AK, Singh KG, Basu S, Kant. Hair dye depigmentation. Contact Dermatitis 1996;35:56-7.

Council directive 76/768/EEC of 27 July 1976 on the approximation of the laws of the member states relating to cosmetic products, amended. European Communities off. J L. 1976;262:27.9.

Scheman A, Cha C, Bhinder M. Alternative hair-dye products for persons allergic to para-phenylenediamine. Dermatitis. 2011;22:189-92.

Zhou Y, Foltis L, Moore DJ, Rigoletto R. Protection of oxidative hair color fading from shampoo washing by hydrophobically modified cationic polymers. Int J Cosmetic Sci. 2010;32:158- 9.